Bibliography guide

How to Cite Sources in a Bibliography (Chicago style)

Books and Scores

1. Books & Scores (one author or composer)

The normal citation information for books and scores with one author or composer includes their name, title of the book, and publication information (see CMS 14.75). If the book or score is an electronic download, include this information to indicate you consulted a format other than print (CMS 14.166). When citing an online book, include the URL or DOI (digital object identifier) at the end of the citation (CMS 14.167).


  • Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics, 2003.
  • Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics, 2007. Kindle edition.
  • Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics, 2008. PDF e-book.
  • Kidger, David M. Adrian Willaert: A Guide to Research. New York: Routledge, 2005. docID=10162253.
  • Martin du Gard, Roger. Lieutenant-Colonel de Maumort. Translated by Luc Brébion and
         Timothy Crouse. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000.
  • Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Le nozze di Figaro. Kassel: Barenreiter, 1999.
  • Walkinshaw, Stuart Max. Garden City Waltzes. St. Catharines, ON: M. Walkinshaw, 1893.

  • Zelenka, Johann Dismas. Five Capriccios. Munich: Musikproduktion Höflich, 2013.

2. Books with two to ten authors or editors (CMS 14.76)


  • Grimes, Nicole, Siobhan Donovan, and Wolfgang Marx, eds. Rethinking Hanslick: Music, Formalism,
         and Expression. Suffolk, UK: Boydell & Brewer, 2013.
  • Hutcheon, Linda, and Michael Hutcheon. Opera: the Art of Dying. Cambridge, MA: Harvard
         University Press, 2004.

3. Books with more than ten authors or editors (CMS 14.76)

The pattern for books with up to ten authors or editors is to cite them all in the bibliography. This is very rare for music-related publications. If there are more than ten, list the first seven authors followed by the latin "et al" to let the reader know there are more contributors. (Note that this is different than in the footnote, which uses "et al" after the first author entry.) 4. A chapter from a book of essays, a score from an anthology, or an edited score with an introductory note (CMS 14.112, 14.116)


  • Goodman, Alice. "Program Note." In Nixon in China, by John Adams, iv-v. New York: Boosey &
  • Harris, Ellen. "Harmonic Patterns in Handel's Operas." In Eighteenth-Century Music in Theory and
         Practice, edited by Mary Ann Parker, 77-118. Stuyvesant, NY: Pendragon Press, 1994.
  • Weelkes, Thomas. "As Vesta Was." In Norton Anthology of Western Music. 6th ed., vol. 1, edited by
         J. Peter Burkholder and Claude V. Palisca, 342-51. New York: W. W. Norton, 2010.
  • Zohn, Steven. Introduction to Twelve Trios, by Georg Philipp Telemann, ix-xvii. Edited by Steven Zohn.
         Madison, WI: A-R Editions, 2000.