Citing theses and manuscripts (Chicago author date)

Theses and Manuscripts

1. Theses and dissertations: in-text citation

The in-text citation for theses and dissertations contain the last name of the author and the year of publication.

(Carpenter 2004)
Author - last name
(Carpenter
2004)
Year Published

 

Sample Sentence:

Schoenberg’s Erwartung is an “operatic enigma,” encouraging an array of interpretative methods to uncover its many meanings (Carpenter 2004, 2).

Theses and dissertations: reference list

Theses and dissertations can be cited in author-date format by adapting the notes-bibliography recommendations (CMOS 14.215). Theses and dissertations are treated similar to books except that the title is in quotation marks rather than italics, and citations include information on the type of thesis and academic institution. Include a URL for documents consulted online. If you accessed the work through a commercial database like ProQuest Dissertations, include this information in the citation along with an identification number if it has one.

Carpenter, Alexander. 2004. "Erwartung and the Scene of Psychoanalysis: Interpreting Schoenberg's Monodrama as a Freudian Case Study." PhD diss., University of Toronto.
Author
(Last Name,
First Name)
Carpenter, Alexander.
Year
Published
2004.
"Title"
"Erwartung and the Scene of Psychoanalysis: Interpreting Schoenberg's Monodrama
as a Freudian Case Study."
PhD diss.,
Type of
Thesis
University of Toronto.
Academic
Institution

Chatterjee, Piya. 2015. "The Art of Eating Ice-Cream." MFA thesis, University of California, Riverside, Garden. ProQuest (1588298).
Author
(Last Name,
First Name)
Chatterjee, Piya.
Year
Published
2015.
"Title"
"The Art of Eating Ice-Cream."
Type of Thesis
MFA thesis,
Academic
Institution
University of California, Riverside, Garden.
ProQuest (1588298).
Database and Identification Number

Sarkar, Mihir. 2012. "World Music Technology: Culturally Sensitive Strategies for Automatic Music Prediction." PhD diss., Massachusetts Institute of Technology. http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/77812.
Author
(Last Name,
First Name)
Sarkar, Mihir.
Year
Published
2012.
"Title"
"World Music Technology: Culturally Sensitive Strategies for Automatic Music Prediction."
PhD diss.,
Type of
Thesis
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Academic
Institution

Author
(Last Name,
First Name)
West, Aaron J
Year
Published
2008.
"Title"
“Caught between Jazz and Pop: The Contested Origins, Criticism Performance,
Practice, and Reception of Smooth Jazz."
PhD diss.,
Type of
Thesis
University of North Texas.
Academic
Institution
West, Aaron J. 2008. “Caught between Jazz and Pop: The Contested Origins, Criticism, Performance Practice, and Reception of Smooth Jazz.” PhD diss., University of North Texas.

2. Manuscripts: in-text citation

The in-text citation for a manuscript includes the last name of the author, followed by the year of the version consulted. If the year of the manuscript is unknown, the second element in the citation should indicate “n.d.” which stands for “no date” (CMOS 15.44).

Author - last name
(MacLean
2015)
Year Published

 

(MacLean 2015)

 

Author - last name
(Zapata,
n.d.)
Year Published
(Zapata, n.d.)

 

Sample Sentence:

The music library clearly documents circulation policies and procedures to ensure consistency for our patrons (MacLean 2015).

Manuscripts: reference list

The term “manuscript” generally refers to various types of unpublished documents. In music-related studies, this is often either an author’s text, possibly on its way to being published, or a historical document like the Old Hall Manuscript. For documents of the former type, entries begin with the author’s name followed by the date of the version consulted. The title of the manuscript appears next in quotation marks, followed by the indication “unpublished manuscript.” The specific version or modification date comes next and the format of the manuscript.

Author
(Last Name,
First Name)
MacLean, Jan.
Year
Published
2015.
"Title"
"Circulation Policies and Procedures."
Unpublished
Unpublished manuscript.
Last modified September 10, 2015.
Date of Version
Consulted
Microsoft Word file.
Format
MacLean, Jan. 2015. "Circulation Policies and Procedures." Unpublished manuscript. Last modified September 10, 2015. Microsoft Word file.

For book manuscripts that are still in the process of being published and have not yet been released, the term “forthcoming” appears as the second element in the entry.

Author
(Last Name,
First Name)
Geuss, Raymond.
Year
Published
Forthcoming.
"Title"
"Changing the Subject: Philosophy from Socrates to Adorno. "
Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Publication Information (if available)
Geuss, Raymond. Forthcoming. Changing the Subject: Philosophy from Socrates to Adorno. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

3. Manuscript collections (CMOS 15.54): in-text citations

 

The in-text citation for a manuscript collection typically contains the manuscript title. If you are citing a single item in a manuscript collection, the in-text citation may contain the last name of the author if known as the first element. If the author is unknown, the title of the individual item may appear as the first element. If possible, include the page number or file number of the manuscript in in-text citations. Manuscripts may have page numbers, file numbers, or folio numbers, or may be unnumbered. Due to this ambiguity, the inclusion of the page, file, or folio number is optional.

Manuscript
Title
(Aylesford Manuscripts)   
(Aylesford Manuscripts)
(Handel, 13)
(“Ave virgo virginum,” fol. 240r-240v)
Author
(Last Name)
(Handel,
13)
Specific page number
item
Title
(“Ave virgo virginum,”
fol. 240r-240v)
Folio numbers

 

Sample Sentence:

In this conductus example dating from the late twelfth or early thirteenth century, the text-setting is largely syllabic (“Ave virgo virginum,” fol. 240r-240v).

Manuscript collections (CMOS 15.54 ): reference list

The reference list entry for manuscript collections typically contains the name of the author or composer if known, the title of the manuscript, the title of any larger collection it may be a part of, and the name of the depository in which it is located.

Aylesford Manuscripts. Newman Flower Collection. Manchester Central Library.
Manuscript
Title
Avlesford Manuscripts.
Collection
Title
Newman Flower Collection.
Name of
Depository
Manchester Central Library.
Handel, George Frideric. "Il pastor fido." MS 130 Hd4 v.234. Alyesford Manuscripts, Newman Flower Collection. Manchester Central Library.

If you are citing an individual item from a manuscript collection, the name of the individual item should appear in quotation marks after the author/composer. If a shelf listing identifier is available, this information may be included after the title of the item, but is not strictly necessary. Although a date does not appear in the reference list entry, dates, when known, should appear in the text when making reference to the item.

Author
(Last Name,
First Name)
Handel, George Frideric.
"Item Title"
"Il pastor fido."
"Shelf Listing
Identifier
MS 130 Hd4 v.234.
Manuscript
Title
Avlesford Manuscripts.
Collection
Title
Newman Flower Collection.
Manchester Central Library.
Name of
Depository
“Ave virgo virginum.” Pluteus 29.1 (F), fol. 240r-240v. Biblioteca Medicea-Laurenziana, Florence.

"Specific
Item Title"
"Ave virgo virginum"
Manuscript
Title
Pluteus 29.1 (f),
folio
Numbers
fol. 240r-240v
Name of
Repository
Biblioteca Medicea-Laurenziana, Florence.
The Old Hall Manuscript, ca. 1410-1420. Add MS 57950. British Library Digitised Manuscripts. http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/Viewer. aspx?ref=add_ms_57950_f001r.

Manuscript
Title
The Old Hall Manuscript, ca. 1410-1420.
Shelflist
Identifier
Add MS 57950.
Collection Title
Numbers
British Library Digitised Manuscripts.
http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/Viewer. aspx?ref=add_ms_57950_f001r.
URL